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Investing in Ghana's textiles and garment industry

Sector Overview

Textile manufacturing in Ghana is an industry consisting of ginneries and textile mills producing batik, wax cloth, fancy printed cloth and Kente cloth. Firms have located in Ghana to serve local and regional markets with printed African patterned fabrics. The industry has shown signs of significant growth in recent years, promoting high-quality traditionally designed fabrics as "Made in Ghana" to niche markets, especially the US.

Ghanaian textile companies prefer to locate within designated industrial areas to take advantage of Ghana's free zone regime and stable operating environment. Today, Ghana's textiles industry include vertically integrated mills, horizontal weaving factories and the traditional textile manufacturing firms involved in spinning, hand-weaving and fabric-processing.

Textile exports include:

  • Cotton yarn]
  • Cotton fabric
  • Printed fabric
  • Polyester fabric
  • Blankets
  • Bed sheets

The dry, savannah climate in the northern regions of the country is ideal for the cultivation of cotton, which is the primary material used by mills, weavers, batik, and tie-dye manufacturers in Ghana.

The industry is supported by National Vocational Training Institutes throughout the country. These institutes provide basic practical and theoretical training in tailoring and dressmaking. There are also a growing number of private fashion design institutes and internationally acclaimed designers that teach latest techniques to aspiring textile designers.

The government has initiated various policies aimed at restructuring and improving the textiles industry. The objectives include

  • Increase of employment opportunities for the growing population
  • Expansion and diversification of the economy
  • Promotion of both domestic and foreign investment